Stitch Abbreviations

Welcome to our ever growing stitch abbreviations glossary. Have an abbreviation that's not here? Let us know, we'll continue to update it as our pattern library grows.

APPROX

approximately

BEG

beginning

BO

bind off

BOR

beginning of round

BR4ST DEC

4 st dec, involving 5 st(s) - sl 2 st(s) separately knit-wise, place following st on st marker or cable needle to front of work, knit the next st, pass the second slipped st over, place the st on the LH needle and pass following st over, place st on RH needle and pass first slipped st over, move st from cable needle to LH needle (be sure not to twist st), place st on LH needle and pass st from cable needle over, place finished decreased st on RH needle.

BR4ST INC

4 st increase - into one st - (brk1, yo) twice, brk1

BR8ST INC

8-st inc; into one st - (brk1, yo) 4 times

BRK

brioche knit (bark) - knit st together with its yarn over

BRK1

(k2tog) the yo and slipped st from the previous row

BRK2TOG

1st dec - knit a brk st and knit st together

BRK4

brk1, yo, brk1, yo, brk1 all into the same st (4 st(s) increased)

BRK4ST INC

4 st increase - into one st - (brk1, yo) twice, brk1

BRKYOBRK

brk1, yo, brk1 all into the same st (2 st(s) increased)

BRLSL DEC

2 st decrease slanting left, involving 3 st(s) - sl first st knit-wise with its yo, brk next 2 st(s) together, pass slipped st over with its yo

BRP

brioche purl (burp) - purl st together with its yarn over

BRP1

(p2tog) (the yo and slipped st from the previous row)

BRPYOBRP

2 st increase - brp1, leaving st on LH needle, yo, then brp1 into the same st

BRRSL DEC

2 st decrease slanting right, involving 3 sts - sl first st knit-wise with its yo, knit next st, pass slipped st over, place st on LH needle and pass the following st over with its yarn over. place st on RH needle.

BUD STITCH

k3tog tbl, do not slide st(s) off left needle yo, k3tog tbl same sts again, slide st(s) of left needle.

C

circumference

C1

colour 1

C2

colour 2

C2B

cable 2 back - slip next st onto cable needle and hold it at front, knit next st from left hand needle, k st from cable needle

C2F

cable 2 front - slip next st onto cable needle and hold it at front, knit next st from left hand needle, k st from cable needle

C2L

pass in back of next st and k the 2nd st tbl, then k the first st and sl both st(s) from needle

C2R

pass in front of next st and k the 2nd st, then k the first st and sl both st(s) from needle

C3

colour 3

C3L

cable 3 left - slip next st onto cable needle and hold it at front, knit next 2 st(s) from left hand needle, k st from cable needle

C4

colour 4

CC

contrast colour

CC1

contrast colour 1

CC2

contrast colour 2

CH

chain

CM

centimeter

CN

cable needle

CO

cast on

CONT

continue

CS

contrast side

DEC

decrease

DEC4TO1

decrease 4 to 1 - ssk, k2tog, slip the ssk st over the k2tog st. Pull yarn to tighten. (3 st(s) decreased)

DPN

double pointed needles

E

edge

EST

established

EVEN ROWS

right side

FWD

forward pass

G

garter

GTR ST

worked in the round - *purl one round, knit one round; repeat from *; worked flat – knit all rows inc('d)(s) = increase(d)(s)

HDC

half double crochet

INC

increase

JSR(RS)

to close the gap made by the short row, place the loop of yarn from the m onto the left needle then k the loop tog with the next st

JSR(WS)

to close the gap made by the short row, place the loop of yarn from the m onto the left needle then ssp this together with the next st

K

knit

K TBL

knit through the back loop

K1 F/B

1 st inc - knit into the front and back of the same st

K1FB

knit 1 front and back (increasing 1 st)

K2

K2TOG

knit the next 2 st(s) together (1 st decreased, right-leaning)

K3T TBL

knit 3 together through the back loop

K3TOG

knit 3 st(s) together

K5TOG

knit 5 tog - 4 sts dec’d. Alternately, sl 2, k3tog, pass 2 slipped sts over may be worked

KFB

knit into the front, and then into the back, of the next st on your needle. One st increased.

KFBF

2 st inc - knit into the front, back, then front again

KNIT TBL

knit through the back loop

KW

knit wrapped st

KYOK

(knit, yo, knit) in same st. Knit 1 but do not slip from LH needle, yo, knit into front loop of same st—2 st(s) increased

LARGE KNOT

(k1, p1, k1, p1, k1, p1, k1) into 1 st, pass each st over first st, one at a time

LH

left hand

LP/S

loop/s

LPC

slip 1 st to cn and hold to front, p1, k1 tbl from cn

M

st marker

M1

make 1 st

M1B

make 1 st in the back loop as foll: insert RH needle from the back in the row below the next st on LH needle and k1 st in this loop

M1F

make 1 st in the front loop as foll: insert RH needle from the front in the row below the next st on LH needle and k1 st in this loop

M1L

make one left - pick up the bar between the st you knit and the one you're about to knit, bringing the needle from front to back. then knit into the back of the st

M1LK

insert left needle from front to back under the strand of yarn between the st just worked and the next st, k into the back of this st (inc 1 st)

M1Pl

make one left purlwise - with right hand needle lift bar between needles onto the left hand needle so the right side of it is at the front, then purl into the back of it

M1R

make one right - scoop up strand between st(s) from back to front, knit into front of loop (1 st increased, right-leaning)make one right

M1RK

insert left needle from back to front under the strand of yarn between the st just worked and the next st, k into the front of this st (inc 1 st)

M1RP

make one right purlwise - with right hand needle lift bar between needles onto the left hand needle so the left side of it is at the front, then purl into the front of it

MC

main colour

MEAS

measures

MS

main side

N

needle

ODD ROWS

wrong Side

P

purl

P1-K1-P1

purl then knit then purl into the same st (2 st(s) increased)

P2TOG

purl the next 2 st(s) together

P2TOGTBL

slip 1 st knitwise, slip 1 st knitwise, slip 2 sts back to left needle, insert right needle through back of st(s) starting with second st and then the first, bring right needle to front and purl these st together

P3T

purl 3 together

PATT

pattern

PFB

purl front and back (one st increase)

PM

place marker

PSSO

pass the slipped stitch over

PU

pick up st(s) (knitwise, unless otherwise noted)

PW

purl wrapped st

R

row

REP

repeat

RETP

return pass

RH

right hand

RIB

ribbed

RM

remove marker

RND

round

RPC

slip 1 st to cn and hold to back, k1 tbl, p1 from cn

RPT

repeat

RS

right side

RT

right twist *k into the front of the 2nd st on the left hand needle, then knit into the front of the first st on the left hand needle, slip both st(s) off the left hand needle

S

stockinette st

S2KP2

centred double decrease: slip 2 st(s) together (as if to k tog), k1, pass the 2 slipped st(s) over

S2KPO

slip the next 2 st(s) together knitwise, knit 1, pass slipped st(s) over the knit st and off the needle (2 st(s) decreased, centred)

S2YB

slip 2 with yarn in back

S2YF

slip 2 with yarn in front

SB

slip sts from RH needle back to LH needle

SC

single crochet

SC

single crochet

SC (DC)

single crochet (double crochet)

SE

seed st

SEED ST

seed stitch

SEED ST(ITCH) PATTERN

row 1: k1p1; row 2: p1k1

SFS

slip first st purl wise on both a k and a p row

SK

skip

SK2P

2-st dec; Wyib, sl 1 st purl-wise, k2tog, psso

SKP

1-st dec; Sl 1 st knit-wise, K1, pass slipped st over

SKPO

slip 1 st knitwise, K1, pass slipped st over

SL

slip

SL M

slip marker

SL ST

slip st

SL WYIF

slip purlwise with yarn in front

SL1

slip 1 st

SL1 WYIF

slip the next st purl wise with yarn in front

SL1YO

bring yarn under right needle to front of LH needle, slip next st purl-wise with working yarn, creating a yo around the st just slipped

SL1YOF

leaving the working yarn in front, slip st purl-wise, then bring yarn over and across the st, then back to the front (creating a little shawl), ready for next st or brp

SLIDE

do not turn work, slide work to other end of needle

SLIP M

slip st marker

SM

slip market

SP

space

SP/S

space/s

SS

slip st

SSK

slip the next 2 st(s) one-by-one knitwise, insert left-hand needle through the slipped st(s), and knit them together (1 st decreased, left-leaning)

SSP

slip 2 st(s) knitwise, transfer these 2 st(s) back to left hand needle, purl 2 together through the back loops

ST ST

stockinette st

ST(S)

stich(es)

STS

stitches

TBL

through the back loop

TOG

together

TSS

tunisian simple stitch

TURN

turn work

TW

turn work

TYP

typical throughout pattern

UP6

(kyok, SB2) 5 times, place marker, kyok, k5—12 sts inc’d. Down6 K4, k5tog, [SB2, k3tog] 4 times—12 sts decreased

W&T

wrap & turn

WRYN

wrap the working yarn around m or safety pin (this yarn will be used to close the gap made by the short row. It is removed from the m and placed on the left needle and then worked together with the next st

WS

wrong side

WYIB

with yarn in back of work

WYIF

with yarn held in front of knitting

YF

yarn forward

YF SL1YO

bring yarn under right needle to front of work, slip next st purl-wise, then bring yarn over needle and across slipped st to back of needle, ready for next st or brk

YF SL1YP

bring yarn under right needle to front of work, slip next st purl-wise, then bring yarn over needle and across slipped st to back of needle, ready for next st or brk

YFSL1YO

Bring yarn under right needle to front of work, slip next stitch purl-wise, then bring yarn over needle and across slipped stitch to back of needle, ready for next stitch or brk

YO

yarn over (1 st increased)

""

inches

[ ]

repeat enclosed instructions

1/1 LPC

1/1 left purl cross - slip 1 st to cable needle and hold it in front, p1, k1 from cable needle. Or: slip 2 st(s) as if to ssk, insert left needle from right to left and slip them back to left needle, p1, k1.

1/1 RPC

1/1 right purl cross - slip 1 st to cable needle and hold it in back, k1, p1from cable needle. Or: slip 2 st(s) as if to k2tog, slip them back to left needle as if to purl, then k1 through back loop, p1through back loop.

3-ST LPC

slip 2 st(s) to cn and hold to front, p1, k2 from cn

3-ST RPC

slip 1 st to cn and hold to back, k2, p1 from cn

4-ST LC

slip 2 st(s) to cn and hold to front, k2, k2 from cn

4-ST LPC

slip 2 st(s) to cn and hold to front, p2, k2 from cn

4-ST RC

slip 2 st(s) to cn and hold to back, k2, k2 from cn

4-ST RPC

slip 2 st(s) to cn and hold to back, k2, p2 from cn

5-ST LPC

slip 2 st(s) to cn and hold to front, k2, p1, k2 from cn. bobble (K1, p1, k1, p1, k1) in same st, making 5 st(s) from one; then pass the 4th, 3rd, 2nd and first st(s) over the last st made

APPROX

approximately

BEG

beginning

BO

bind off

BOR

beginning of round

BR4ST DEC

4 st dec, involving 5 st(s) - sl 2 st(s) separately knit-wise, place following st on st marker or cable needle to front of work, knit the next st, pass the second slipped st over, place the st on the LH needle and pass following st over, place st on RH needle and pass first slipped st over, move st from cable needle to LH needle (be sure not to twist st), place st on LH needle and pass st from cable needle over, place finished decreased st on RH needle.

BR4ST INC

4 st increase - into one st - (brk1, yo) twice, brk1

BR8ST INC

8-st inc; into one st - (brk1, yo) 4 times

BRK

brioche knit (bark) - knit st together with its yarn over

BRK1

(k2tog) the yo and slipped st from the previous row

BRK2TOG

1st dec - knit a brk st and knit st together

BRK4

brk1, yo, brk1, yo, brk1 all into the same st (4 st(s) increased)

BRK4ST INC

4 st increase - into one st - (brk1, yo) twice, brk1

BRKYOBRK

brk1, yo, brk1 all into the same st (2 st(s) increased)

BRLSL DEC

2 st decrease slanting left, involving 3 st(s) - sl first st knit-wise with its yo, brk next 2 st(s) together, pass slipped st over with its yo

BRP

brioche purl (burp) - purl st together with its yarn over

BRP1

(p2tog) (the yo and slipped st from the previous row)

BRPYOBRP

2 st increase - brp1, leaving st on LH needle, yo, then brp1 into the same st

BRRSL DEC

2 st decrease slanting right, involving 3 sts - sl first st knit-wise with its yo, knit next st, pass slipped st over, place st on LH needle and pass the following st over with its yarn over. place st on RH needle.

BUD STITCH

k3tog tbl, do not slide st(s) off left needle yo, k3tog tbl same sts again, slide st(s) of left needle.

C

circumference

C1

colour 1

C2

colour 2

C2B

cable 2 back - slip next st onto cable needle and hold it at front, knit next st from left hand needle, k st from cable needle

C2F

cable 2 front - slip next st onto cable needle and hold it at front, knit next st from left hand needle, k st from cable needle

C2L

pass in back of next st and k the 2nd st tbl, then k the first st and sl both st(s) from needle

C2R

pass in front of next st and k the 2nd st, then k the first st and sl both st(s) from needle

C3

colour 3

C3L

cable 3 left - slip next st onto cable needle and hold it at front, knit next 2 st(s) from left hand needle, k st from cable needle

C4

colour 4

CC

contrast colour

CC1

contrast colour 1

CC2

contrast colour 2

CH

chain

CM

centimeter

CN

cable needle

CO

cast on

CONT

continue

CS

contrast side

DEC

decrease

DEC4TO1

decrease 4 to 1 - ssk, k2tog, slip the ssk st over the k2tog st. Pull yarn to tighten. (3 st(s) decreased)

DPN

double pointed needles

E

edge

EST

established

EVEN ROWS

right side

FWD

forward pass

G

garter

GTR ST

worked in the round - *purl one round, knit one round; repeat from *; worked flat – knit all rows inc('d)(s) = increase(d)(s)

HDC

half double crochet

INC

increase

JSR(RS)

to close the gap made by the short row, place the loop of yarn from the m onto the left needle then k the loop tog with the next st

JSR(WS)

to close the gap made by the short row, place the loop of yarn from the m onto the left needle then ssp this together with the next st

K

knit

K TBL

knit through the back loop

K1 F/B

1 st inc - knit into the front and back of the same st

K1FB

knit 1 front and back (increasing 1 st)

K2

K2TOG

knit the next 2 st(s) together (1 st decreased, right-leaning)

K3T TBL

knit 3 together through the back loop

K3TOG

knit 3 st(s) together

K5TOG

knit 5 tog - 4 sts dec’d. Alternately, sl 2, k3tog, pass 2 slipped sts over may be worked

KFB

knit into the front, and then into the back, of the next st on your needle. One st increased.

KFBF

2 st inc - knit into the front, back, then front again

KNIT TBL

knit through the back loop

KW

knit wrapped st

KYOK

(knit, yo, knit) in same st. Knit 1 but do not slip from LH needle, yo, knit into front loop of same st—2 st(s) increased

LARGE KNOT

(k1, p1, k1, p1, k1, p1, k1) into 1 st, pass each st over first st, one at a time

LH

left hand

LP/S

loop/s

LPC

slip 1 st to cn and hold to front, p1, k1 tbl from cn

M

st marker

M1

make 1 st

M1B

make 1 st in the back loop as foll: insert RH needle from the back in the row below the next st on LH needle and k1 st in this loop

M1F

make 1 st in the front loop as foll: insert RH needle from the front in the row below the next st on LH needle and k1 st in this loop

M1L

make one left - pick up the bar between the st you knit and the one you're about to knit, bringing the needle from front to back. then knit into the back of the st

M1LK

insert left needle from front to back under the strand of yarn between the st just worked and the next st, k into the back of this st (inc 1 st)

M1Pl

make one left purlwise - with right hand needle lift bar between needles onto the left hand needle so the right side of it is at the front, then purl into the back of it

M1R

make one right - scoop up strand between st(s) from back to front, knit into front of loop (1 st increased, right-leaning)make one right

M1RK

insert left needle from back to front under the strand of yarn between the st just worked and the next st, k into the front of this st (inc 1 st)

M1RP

make one right purlwise - with right hand needle lift bar between needles onto the left hand needle so the left side of it is at the front, then purl into the front of it

MC

main colour

MEAS

measures

MS

main side

N

needle

ODD ROWS

wrong Side

P

purl

P1-K1-P1

purl then knit then purl into the same st (2 st(s) increased)

P2TOG

purl the next 2 st(s) together

P2TOGTBL

slip 1 st knitwise, slip 1 st knitwise, slip 2 sts back to left needle, insert right needle through back of st(s) starting with second st and then the first, bring right needle to front and purl these st together

P3T

purl 3 together

PATT

pattern

PFB

purl front and back (one st increase)

PM

place marker

PSSO

pass the slipped stitch over

PU

pick up st(s) (knitwise, unless otherwise noted)

PW

purl wrapped st

R

row

REP

repeat

RETP

return pass

RH

right hand

RIB

ribbed

RM

remove marker

RND

round

RPC

slip 1 st to cn and hold to back, k1 tbl, p1 from cn

RPT

repeat

RS

right side

RT

right twist *k into the front of the 2nd st on the left hand needle, then knit into the front of the first st on the left hand needle, slip both st(s) off the left hand needle

S

stockinette st

S2KP2

centred double decrease: slip 2 st(s) together (as if to k tog), k1, pass the 2 slipped st(s) over

S2KPO

slip the next 2 st(s) together knitwise, knit 1, pass slipped st(s) over the knit st and off the needle (2 st(s) decreased, centred)

S2YB

slip 2 with yarn in back

S2YF

slip 2 with yarn in front

SB

slip sts from RH needle back to LH needle

SC

single crochet

SC

single crochet

SC (DC)

single crochet (double crochet)

SE

seed st

SEED ST

seed stitch

SEED ST(ITCH) PATTERN

row 1: k1p1; row 2: p1k1

SFS

slip first st purl wise on both a k and a p row

SK

skip

SK2P

2-st dec; Wyib, sl 1 st purl-wise, k2tog, psso

SKP

1-st dec; Sl 1 st knit-wise, K1, pass slipped st over

SKPO

slip 1 st knitwise, K1, pass slipped st over

SL

slip

SL M

slip marker

SL ST

slip st

SL WYIF

slip purlwise with yarn in front

SL1

slip 1 st

SL1 WYIF

slip the next st purl wise with yarn in front

SL1YO

bring yarn under right needle to front of LH needle, slip next st purl-wise with working yarn, creating a yo around the st just slipped

SL1YOF

leaving the working yarn in front, slip st purl-wise, then bring yarn over and across the st, then back to the front (creating a little shawl), ready for next st or brp

SLIDE

do not turn work, slide work to other end of needle

SLIP M

slip st marker

SM

slip market

SP

space

SP/S

space/s

SS

slip st

SSK

slip the next 2 st(s) one-by-one knitwise, insert left-hand needle through the slipped st(s), and knit them together (1 st decreased, left-leaning)

SSP

slip 2 st(s) knitwise, transfer these 2 st(s) back to left hand needle, purl 2 together through the back loops

ST ST

stockinette st

ST(S)

stich(es)

STS

stitches

TBL

through the back loop

TOG

together

TSS

tunisian simple stitch

TURN

turn work

TW

turn work

TYP

typical throughout pattern

UP6

(kyok, SB2) 5 times, place marker, kyok, k5—12 sts inc’d. Down6 K4, k5tog, [SB2, k3tog] 4 times—12 sts decreased

W&T

wrap & turn

WRYN

wrap the working yarn around m or safety pin (this yarn will be used to close the gap made by the short row. It is removed from the m and placed on the left needle and then worked together with the next st

WS

wrong side

WYIB

with yarn in back of work

WYIF

with yarn held in front of knitting

YF

yarn forward

YF SL1YO

bring yarn under right needle to front of work, slip next st purl-wise, then bring yarn over needle and across slipped st to back of needle, ready for next st or brk

YF SL1YP

bring yarn under right needle to front of work, slip next st purl-wise, then bring yarn over needle and across slipped st to back of needle, ready for next st or brk

YFSL1YO

Bring yarn under right needle to front of work, slip next stitch purl-wise, then bring yarn over needle and across slipped stitch to back of needle, ready for next stitch or brk

YO

yarn over (1 st increased)